Over the month of February 2021, 37 assassination operations and 17 attacks took place. Both decreased in comparison to the previous month as the regime’s military escalation on Tafas ended through a negotiated settlement. There were notably a high number of assassination operations targeting civilians over the last month, in addition to a string of attacks by 4th Division Security Bureau members on one of its own groups over questions on their loyalty. Furthermore, while ISIS cells have perpetrated the highest number of assassinations since the beginning of the year, Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham was responsible for carrying out the most assassination operations in February. The trends of the previous month reflect the increasingly chaotic security environment in south Syria, characterized by the growing presence of extremist groups and violent rivalries.